The following pages present practical approaches and a basic clinical guide to managing individuals with epilepsy in the emergency department (ED). The treatment of status epilepticus is also covered. Individual diseases and conditions are covered in more detail elsewhere.

Adapted from: Kolb SJ and Litt B. Management of epilepsy and comorbid disorders in the emergency room and intensive care unit. In: Ettinger AB and Devinsky O, eds. Managing epilepsy and co-existing disorders. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann; 2002;515–535. With permission from Elsevier (

Authored By: 
Steven J. Kolb Md PhD
Brian Litt MD
Reviewed By: 
Steven C. Schachter MD
Sunday, April 4, 2004