Type Comments
  Generalized tonic-clonic "Grand mal"; may be secondarily generalized from a focus
  Absence "Petit mal"; "spike wave stupor"
  Myoclonic May be primary or secondary
  Tonic Pediatric; often with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
  Atonic/akinetic Pediatric; often with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
  Clonic Infants
Partial (focal) onset
  Simple partial Motor: epilepsia partialis continua
Sensory (rare or rarely diagnosed)
Autonomic (rare or rarely diagnosed)
Psychic (fear, emotional content)
  Complex partial Includes impairment of consciousness
Special types
  Neonatal/pediatric Includes electrographic SE of sleep, infantile spasms
  "Subtle" status  

Adapted from: Drislane FW. Status epilepticus. In: Schachter SC, Schomer DL, eds. The comprehensive evaluation and treatment of epilepsy. San Diego, CA: Academic Press; 1997. p. 149-172. With permission from Elsevier (www.elsevier.com).

Authored By: 
Frank W. Drislane MD
Reviewed By: 
Thaddeus Walczak MD
Thursday, January 1, 2004