brain infection

What is an infection associated with epilepsy?

Epilepsy is said to have an infectious cause if there is proof of a brain infection that leads to seizures. Infection is probably the most common cause of epilepsy worldwide, but is more common in the developing world.

Following is a list of – and links to – information about infections associated with epilepsy.

  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Cerebral malaria
  • TORCH infections (toxoplasmosis, other agents, rubella/German measles, cytomegalovirus, and herpes Simplex)
  • Bacterial meningitis
  • Viral encephalitis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Authored By: 
Judy Gretsch
Authored Date: 
Reviewed By: 
Elaine Wirrell MD
Sunday, April 26, 2020